Traditional lifeways

Elements area



Scope note(s)

  • Here are entered works related to activities and ways of life that have been practiced by Indigenous peoples since time immemorial, including ways of being on the land and traditional practices such as traditional harvesting, preparation of hides, making traditional clothing, traveling on the land and waterways, camps and traditional structures.

Source note(s)

  • NWTA

Display note(s)

    Hierarchical terms

    Traditional lifeways

      Equivalent terms

      Traditional lifeways

      • UF Traditional lifestyle
      • UF Life on the land

      Associated terms

      Traditional lifeways

      48 Archival description results for Traditional lifeways

      48 results directly related Exclude narrower terms
      June Helm
      N-2004-020 · Accession · 1949-2003
      Part of June Helm fonds

      These records were created and/or accumulated by June Helm as the result of her work as an anthropologist studying the Tłı̨chǫ people in the Northwest Territories.

      The textual records consist of Helm's field notes that were either typewritten on index cards or kept in binders and organized by subject or organized chronologically by field session. In addition, there are field notes from Helm's co-investigators, Beryl Gillespie, Teresa Carterette, Nancy O. Lurie, David Smith and Robert Howren. The field notes are from the communities of Lac La Martre (Whatı̀), Jean Marie River, Rae (Behchokǫ̀), Dettah, and Fort Norman (Tulita). Included in this accession are approximately 230 books which formed part of Helm's extensive library. The books are both contemporary and historical publications on northern themes, and are annotated by Helm. The bulk of the remaining textual records consist of Helm's vertical files that date from 1950-1990s. This includes annotated copies of partial and complete publications, manuscripts and draft publications that include Masters theses and PhD dissertations. These records are primarily authored by others, although there are copies of and drafts of Helm's work. The remaining textual records consist of Helm's ingoing and outgoing correspondence files that date from the 1950s until 2003.

      The photographs include a set of 654 black and white negatives that were taken by June Helm during her field work in Behchokǫ̀ and Whatı̀ between 1959-1970. The images of Behchokǫ̀ depict handgames, scenes of the community, winter activities such as travel by dogteam and ice fishing, setting rabbit snares, travel by canoe on the Frank Channel, working with a caribou hide, and people including Jim Fish, John Baze, Mrs. Johnny Simpson, Chief Bruneau, Vital Thomas and Harry Bearlake. The images of Whatı̀ include winter and fall scenes of the community, people, travel by dogteam and airplane, ice fishing, and a Sunday feast. As well, there are approximately 60 copy prints from the National Museum of Canada, Provincial Archives of Alberta and the Smithsonian, as well as negatives, prints and images used in Helm's publications. The remaining photographic material is largely scenic photographs of Behchokǫ̀ from 1970-1979, and photographs of artifacts from 1977.

      Beryl Gillespie
      N-2003-017 · Accession · 1981
      Part of Beryl Gillespie fonds

      Records document Beryl Gillespie's work with the Mooseskin Boat project. The textual records are comprised of an account of the Mooseskin Boat project as it was observed by Beryl Gillespie. The photographs document the Mooseskin Boat project, including the preparation of the moosehide, boat construction and campsite activities. There are also images of the boat as it travelled down the Keele River, and of George Pelissey and Madeline Karkagie who worked on the project. In addition, there are several images of the mountains near Tulita (Fort Norman).

      Fedirchuk, Gloria
      N-1985-001 · Accession · 1973-1974

      Records include photographs documenting the construction of a mooseskin boat, the construction of a spruce bark canoe, and the tanning of a moose hide and a copy of Gloria Fedirchuk's proposal to film aboriginal adaptations and their relationship to the boreal forest environment of the Fisherman Lake Slave, including ethnographic practices, ethnobotanical information on use and taxonomy of flora, ethnozoological information on use of fauna, activities done in various seasons of the year, and the construction and creation of ethnographic items.

      Fedirchuk, Gloria
      N-1992-501 · Accession · 1992

      Records include sound recordings of interviews conducted as part of the Great Bear Lake Oral History Project in 1992. Topics discussed include settlement patterns around Great Bear Lake before Deline (Fort Franklin) was established, traditional place names in the Great Bear Lake area, the settlement of Deline (Fort Franklin), Slavey social life and customs, fishing, hunting and Slavey games. People interviewed included Jean Baptiste, Julie Baptiste, Madeline Baton, Paul Baton, Peter Baton, Madeline Bayha, Christine Cleary, Melanie Elemie, Margaret Kenny, Marie Therese (Sr.) Kenny, Bella Modeste, Camilla Takazo, Louie Taniton, Rosa Taniton, Francis Tatti, Cecile Tetso, Adeline Vital, Dora Vital and Johnny Vital. The interviews are in North Slavey; most recordings include introductions and summaries in English.

      Great Bear Lake Oral History Project
      Michel Sikyea collection
      N-2004-016 · Accession · 1970, 2002

      The textual records is comprised of a funeral program for Michel Sikyea from December 2002. The photographs, taken by Bill Braden, depict Michel Sikyea cutting fish in a camp setting.

      Goldi Productions Ltd.
      N-1992-195 · Accession · [1980, 1981], copied 1986

      Records include two films, "They Fish the Great Slave" and "Dene Family". "They Fish the Great Slave" was produced in 1980 by Arctic Films; produced and directed by John Goldi and narrated by Mick Mallon. The subject of the film is commercial fishing on the Great Slave Lake, and features Clifford Bird, Johnny Nault, and Jane "Total" Mayo. "Dene Family" is a Goldi Productions Film from the Northern Lifestyle Series and was produced with the support of the NWT Department of Education and Canada Council Exploration in 1981. The film is narrated by Elizabeth Marlowe and depicts the lifestyle of the Marlowe family of Łutselk’e (Snowdrift).

      Goldi Productions Ltd.
      Ellestad-Sayed, J.
      N-1992-113 · Accession · [1978?], photocopied [ca. 1979]

      This accession consists of a photocopy of the Appendix to J. Ellestad-Sayed's "Nutrient Analyses of Non-Commercial Foods Eaten by Canadian Inuit and Indians." This Appendix describes the objectives, background, and design of a proposed project to determine the nutrient value of indigenous foods as prepared traditionally.

      Ellestad-Sayed, J.
      June Helm
      N-2003-037 · Accession · [1951-197-?]
      Part of June Helm fonds

      The images were taken primarily during June Helm's field work in 1951-1952 and the 1960s. They mainly document community life and field work in Jean Marie River in 1951, 1952, and 1959, and community life and travel in Rae (Behchokǫ̀) and Whatı̀ (then Lac La Martre) in 1959 and the 1960s. June Helm's research assistants Teresa Carterette (1951-1952) and Nancy O. Lurie (1959, 1962, 1967) also figure in the images, as does Helm's first husband Richard "Scotty" MacNeish. Activities depicted include travel by boat and canoe, dogsledding, fixing fish nets, aerial photographs of communities, hunting, hand games and feasts.

      Archibald Fleming fonds
      39 · Fonds · 1908-1950

      This fonds consists of prints and negatives, including cellulose nitrate and one glass negative, formerly owned by Archibald Lang Fleming, as well as a program for the opening of the All Saints' Hospital in Aklavik in 1937, attended by Governor General Lord Tweedsmuir (John Buchan). The photographs include the communities of: Aklavik, Baker Lake, Cambridge Bay, Cape Dorset, Chesterfield Inlet, Clyde River, Coppermine, Eskimo Point, Lake Harbour, Pangnirtung, and Pond Inlet, among others. Images feature the portraits and daily activities of Inuit and Dene and Anglican churches and missions.

      Fleming, Archibald
      Bern Will Brown fonds
      381 · Fonds · 1940-1999

      This fonds consists of 0.6 cm of textual records, ca. 13,000 photographs (col. slides, col. negatives, and b&w negatives), and 31 reels of 16 mm film.

      The textual records comprise two newsletters produced by Bern Will Brown and a series of letters written by Capt. C.T. Pederson. The newsletters give a brief overview of life in the community of Colville Lake during 1991 and 1992, including items of interest relating to various members of the community. The Pedersen correspondence is autobiographical, including reminiscences of C.T. Pederson of some of his activities in the north; the majority are addressed to Father Brown of Our Lady of the Snows Mission in Colville Lake, but one letter is addressed to Commander Ransom.

      The photographs include images of a wide variety of subjects, particularly activities of the Catholic Church and traditional activities of the Dene, Inuvialuit and Inuit, including hunting, trapping and transportation. There are photos of many locations throughout the NWT as well as some locations in Nunavut, Saskatchewan, and Alberta.

      The films and videocassettes include footage of dog teams, life at Colville Lake, Fort McMurray, Alberta, Aklavik, Husky Lakes, Whitefish Station, Tulita (Fort Norman), Nahanni Butte, Fort Simpson, Bern Will Brown, various Catholic priests and bishops, fishing, children at play, aircraft, construction of the mission, reindeer, whaling, trapping, hunting, church services, many local families including: Kochon, Codzi, Masuzumi, Cotchilly, Oudzi and political visitors such as Governors-General.

      Brown, Bern Will
      Joan Ryan fonds
      143 · Fonds · 1957-1960

      This fonds consists of 154 duplicates of slides belonging to Joan Ryan. The original slides date from 1957-1960 and mainly feature Whatì [Lac La Martre], although Behchokǫ̀ [Fort Rae], Fort Smith, and Sugluk are also represented. Images include people of Whatì, and activities such as butchering moose, skin and hide preparation, and drying meat and fish.

      Ryan, Joan
      G-1995-001 · Accession · [1958-1995]
      Part of Northwest Territories. Department of Public Works and Services fonds

      The photographs were taken, collected or purchased by the photographer for the GNWT. The photographs depict the following subjects: images of people, communities in the Northwest Territories, scenery, wildlife, traditional land use, hospitals, Royal Canadian Mounted Police buildings, schools, infrastructure of communities, water, air and land transportation, sports and recreation, hunting, fishing, traditional clothing, political leaders, government buildings, camps, mines, DEW line sites, events such as Arctic Winter Games, Expo '86, Canada Day, churches, airports, housing, dogsledding, fauna, arts and crafts and performing arts. Many of the photographs were taken by Tessa MacIntosh, Bob Wilson, Fran Hurcomb, Bruce Sekulich and D. Milligan, Government Photographers in the 1980s and early-1990s.

      Northwest Territories. Department of Public Works and Services. Systems and Communications division
      N-2015-009 · Accession · 1963-1969

      The majority of the slides depict community life and residents of the communities of Fort Rae (Behchoko), Fort Providence, and Fort Simpson. There are also a few images from other communities in the NWT and several images depicting Dene children visiting Calgary on a field trip called "Operation Dogrib" organized by Emile and Evalyn Gautreau.

      Gautreau, Emile
      N-1992-049 · Accession · [197-]
      Part of Dene Nation fonds

      This accession consists of two identical posters titled "Our Land, Our Life". They depict a man holding two children. Noted on the poster is "Let us put our minds together and see what life we will make for our children".

      N-1992-048 · Accession · 1981-1982
      Part of Native Communications Society fonds

      One series of five posters is titled "Our Elders Speak". This series was published in 1982 and shows Indigenous people hunting, fishing and attending a Dene feast. The second series of posters, published in the Spring of 1981, documents the history and function of five Indigenous organizations within the NWT. They are: NWT Metis Association, Dene Nation, NWT Native Women's Association, NWT Native Court Worker's Association and the Tree of Peace Friendship Centre.

      N-1990-004 · Accession · [1940?-1970?], copied 1989

      Records include photographs of the Holman region copied from the original images. The images primarily document people in the community and show traditional activities, camps and domestic life. In addition, there are images of the Roman Catholic mission, boats such as the "Mary", and priests Father Tardy and Father Metayer.

      June Helm fonds
      21 · Fonds · [180-?]-2003

      The fonds consists of six series: Correspondence; Printed Material - Works by Helm; Printed Material - Works by others; Research and field notes; Photographs; and, Sound Recordings.

      Helm, June
      Janice March collection
      N-2014-008 · Accession · 1961

      The images mainly feature Fort Good Hope, but there are also photographs of the town of Inuvik, fishing camps, hide preparation and tanning, and Fort Good Hope Sports Day. The photographs were taken by Janice March, who visited Fort Good Hope in the early 1960s as a graduate student of anthropology.

      March, Janice

      The DAT contains the recording of a lecture given by Mary Firth and Francois Paulette. Francois Paulette, a hunter and trapper from Fort Smith and Chief of the Fort Smith Dene Band, spoke on "Dene Culture and Spirituality." Mary Firth spoke on her life experiences and those of her parents.

      Northwest Territories. Department of Justice and Public Services. Museums and Heritage division