Elements area



Scope note(s)

  • Here are entered works relating to the transportation of raw or refined oil and/or natural gas through a system of pipes, either above or below ground.

Source note(s)

  • PAASH 2020 edition

Display note(s)

    Hierarchical terms


      Equivalent terms


      • UF CANOL pipeline
      • UF Oil pipe lines
      • UF Natural gas pipelines
      • UF Mackenzie Valley Pipeline
      • UF Mackenzie River Pipeline

      Associated terms

      17 Archival description results for Pipelines

      17 results directly related Exclude narrower terms
      John Lengyel collection
      N-1988-022 · Collection · [1945-1949]

      The photographs primarily document the building and usage of the tugboat 'Thunder River'. This boat was built by John J Lengyel, Chester Lengyel, Roy Erickson, and Mike (surname unknown), most likely between 1945 and 1947. The tugboat was 57 feet long, had a 12-foot beam, and twin 160 horsepower engines. It was involved in towing barges across Great Slave Lake. It was also involved in moving infrastructure from the former Canol Project south sometime between 1947 and 1949. This most likely occurred along the Mackenzie River between Norman Wells and Hay River in the summer of 1949. In 1950, the ‘Thunder River’ was listed for sale from Hay River.

      A handful of photographs document John J Lengyel's daughter Joan in a toboggan behind a dog team.

      Lengyel, John

      This accession consists of records from the Policy, Legislation and Communications division of the Department of Industry, Tourism and Investment relating to the Senior Management Committee, Deputy Ministers' Managing This Land Committee, the Mackenzie Gas Project Joint Cabinet-AOC Pipeline Planning Committee and communications products. The committee records include meeting packages, draft Monitoring the MGP - Development of a Coordinated Approach by Government (2006), MGP Hearing Preparation Participant Binder, Cooperation Plan for the Environmental Impact Assessment and Regulatory Review of a Northern Gas Pipeline Project through the Northwest Territories, news articles, and correspondence. The communications products include communications plans, website content, brochures, fact sheets, display panels and banners, reports including the Fred Henne Territorial Park Beach Safety Survey Report May 2014, GNWT Implementation Report on its Commitments under the Diavik Socio-Economic Monitoring Agreement For January - June 2014, GNWT Implementation Report on its Commitments under the Diavik Socio-Economic Monitoring Agreement For July - December 2013, Agriculture Products Marketing Council 2014/15 Annual Report, Take a Kid Trapping & Harvesting Report 2013-2014, Communities and Diamonds 2014, Growing Forward 2 Canada/Northwest Territories A Summary Report of the Small Scale Foods Program 2013/14, and Community Futures Program 2012/13 Annual Report, and other publications, including the Guide to the new Mining Regulations for the Northwest Territories, Coal Exploration Licence Reviewer Guidelines, Coal Exploration Licence Applicant Guidelines, Mineral Regulatory Process Guide, Acquiring Mining Rights in the Northwest Territories, Monthly Production and Cost Statement (MPCS) Submission Guide, Monthy Royalty Return (MRR) Submission Guide, Program Guide Growing Forward 2 Canada/Northwest Territories April 1, 2013 - March 31, 2018, and NWT Arts Studio News Vol 2: September 2014 newsletter.

      Maurice Beauregard fonds
      95 · Fonds · [1942-1953], copied 1988

      This fonds consists of 122 interpositive copies of the original photographs. Most of the images depict the Canol-Whitehorse winter road and Norman Wells. Also included are photographs of Arctic Red River, Aklavik, Fort Providence, Fort Smith and Fort Norman.

      Beauregard, Maurice

      This accession consists of records from the Policy and Strategic Planning division of the Department of Environment and Natural Resources and its predecessor, the Department of Resources, Wildlife and Economic Development, relating to the Senior Management Committee, agreements and memoranda of understanding, associated boards and agencies, Mackenzie Gas Project, the Interim Resource Management Assistance program, human resources, a possible job action, and policies and directives. The records include meeting material, agreements and memoranda of understanding and related lists, 2004 Communities and Diamonds report, Gwich’in Forest Management Plan: A Framework for Forest Management, GNWT Final Submission and Recommendations to the Joint Review Panel on the Mackenzie Gas Project, Interim Resource Management Assistance (IRMA) guidelines and template, Human Resource Planning Framework, 2010-2015 Department of Environment and Natural Resources Human Resources Plan, Job Action Contingency Plan, Honoraria Policy Statement, Revised Firearms Directive, correspondence, decision papers, a legal opinion, list of boards and agencies associated with ENR, briefing notes, and speaking notes.

      Frank Thomas Carter fonds
      397 · Fonds · 1942-1943

      This fonds consists of 76 b&w print photographs taken by Frank Thomas Carter; five of the photos are hand coloured. The photos document Carter’s voyage to Norman Wells up the Mackenzie as well as the early stages of construction of the oil storage tanks at the Canol Project in Norman Wells during 1942-1943. The photos are numbered on the back in the order in which they appeared on album pages by the donor, Donald A. Davidson, Carter’s stepson. Overall themes include the Mackenzie River, construction, boats, camp life and the Canol project.

      Carter, Frank Tomas, 1915-1985
      Mac Smee fonds
      96 · Fonds · 1941-1942

      The photographs in this fonds document multiple trips down the Mackenzie River (Dehcho) on both the S.S. Mackenzie River and the S.S. Distributor. The images document the communities visited along the river, and in particular the barge supply route for the Canol Project from Waterways (Alberta) to Norman Wells (NWT) and members of the United States Army 388th Engineer Battalion working on the pipeline project.

      Smee, Horace Herbert (Mac)
      R.A. Hemstock collection
      N-2013-021 · Accession · 1942-1945

      Records consist of a copy of "The Canol Pictorial" by P.A. Harris (1944), correspondence sent by Russell Alexander (Alex) Hemstock to his parents and siblings during his time on the Canol Project between 1943-1945; a letter from Guy Blanchet dated March 1945 describing the routes between Norman Wells to the Canol pipeline; and two letters from Emily Keeley (Hemstock's wife) addressed to her parents from August 1945. This accession also includes six published academic works of Alex Hemstock, on the subject of permafrost and arctic conditions, produced between 1949-1978.

      While working for Imperial Oil in 1945, Alex Hemstock produced a report for Imperial Oil titled Operations on the No. 1 Canol Pipeline. His paper from this period is the only first-hand document on the operations of the Canol pipeline. A copy of this manuscript is in the PWNHC reference library.

      Hemstock, Russell Alexander
      G-2021-023 · Accession · 2001-2007
      Part of Northwest Territories. Department of Public Works and Services fonds

      This accession consists of records of the Petroleum Products Division of the Department of Public Works and Services, including meeting materials for the Senior Management Committee, a report on All Weather Roads in the Tli Cho Region, records of the Mackenzie Valley Pipeline Fuel Working Group, fuel supply and pricing management, and management of a memorandum of understanding with the Canadian Coast Guard.

      The slides are divided into three series. Series A consists of items :0001 to :0034, which were taken in the Nahanni Butte area in 1970 possibly by Norman Simmons. Series B consists of items :0035 to :0050 which show the construction of a styrofoam igloo by Erik Anoee and David Akkoekotak at the Prince of Wales Northern Heritage Centre. Series C consists of items :0051 to :0068 which show sites of the Canol Project. The photographs from Series C were taken in the winter of 1977, possibly by the Curator of Collections from the Prince of Wales Northern Heritage Centre. Included in these images are buildings such as chapels, warehouses, repair shops, power plants and hangars.

      Northwest Territories. Department of Natural and Cultural Affairs. Museum and Historical Programs division

      The photographs were taken by the Curator of Collections of the Prince of Wales Northern Heritage Centre in February 1977 and show images from the Canol Project. Included in the photographs are buildings such as chapels, warehouses, repair shops, power plants and hangars.

      Northwest Territories. Department of Natural and Cultural Affairs. Museum and Historical Programs division
      Warren Schmitke fonds
      114 · Fonds · 1976-1978

      This fonds consists of 132 colour slides of Camp Canol. Included in the images are winter and summer scenes, views of buildings and equipment, and scenes of the camp being burned.

      Schmitke, Warren
      N-2001-012 · Accession · 1943

      Records are comprised of one report entitled "Diary Report of Reconnaissance Trip Camp Canol to MacMillan Pass." It was prepared by J. Gordon Turnbull and Sverdrub and Parcel, Architect and Engineer, Canol Project, 1943.

      Turnbull, J. Gordon
      Hamilton, Margaret E.
      N-1992-247 · Accession · [1941-1942], copied 1992

      The photographs depict the Canol camp and Norman Wells area.

      Hamilton, Margaret E.
      N-2012-005 · Accession · [1942-1945]

      The accession relates to the Canol Project and includes air navigation maps of northern Alberta and the Northwest Territories from 1940s, river survey maps of the Mackenzie River (entire length) which include substantial details regarding depth, shoreline, cabins or structures along the river. The collection also includes engineering schematics produced by US Engineers for the US War Department depicting the Camp Canol layout, pipelines across the Mackenzie River, oil tank farms, possible routes for the pipeline, pumpstation layouts documenting the proposed flow of oil from NWT to Yukon and onto US locations, and detail drawings of specific technologies.

      Sam Otto fonds
      382 · Fonds · 1927 - [197-?]

      This fonds consists of 0.1 cm of textual records, 859 photographs (242 black and white negatives, 300 black and white prints - original masters; 766 black and white digital files (TIFF), 15 colour digital files (TIFF) - archival masters; 55 black and white negatives, 23 black and white prints - original and archival masters), 15 8mm film reels (original masters), four 16mm film reels (original masters), 19 Betacam SP videocassettes (archival masters), and one 8mm film reel (original and archival master).

      The textual records consist of a membership certificate. The majority of the photographs document Sam’s life prospecting, mining, and trapping between 1930 and 1950, while a smaller selection document Sam’s nuclear family life beginning in 1952. There are five main series of photographs: work in the Great Bear Lake region with the Northern Transportation Company and uranium mines in the early to mid-1930s; gold mining, camping, and prospecting in the Great Slave Lake area in the mid-1930s through the 1940s; work on the Canol project in 1942-1943; trapping on the barren lands (tundra) of the Keewatin region near Clinton-Colden Lake and the Back River area in the late 1930s to 1950; and Sam’s nuclear family life from 1952 onwards. Communities documented in this fonds include early images of Yellowknife’s Old Town and Latham Island, Fort Franklin (Deline), Cameron Bay camps, Norman Wells, Fort Resolution, and Fort Smith. The moving images document being on the land, prospecting, and hunting between 1930 and 1960, and town and family life between 1950 and 1970.

      The digital files (TIFF) are scans of the original black and white negatives, black and white prints, and colour negatives, while the videocassettes are transfers from the original 8mm and 16mm film reels, all created by Sam Otto and loaned by his son Sheldon in 2000. The majority of the originally loaned items were returned by Sam Otto's daughter Lorraine in 2015, in addition to some newly offered materials.

      Otto, Sam
      Richard Finnie fonds
      229 · Fonds · 1928-1977

      This fonds consists of 543 photographs, 8 audio reels, 4 DAT audiocassettes, 7 16 mm films, 8 videocassettes and 2 cm of textual material. The photographic material consists of 543 prints and negatives. Included among the photographs are black and white images taken by Richard Finnie between 1939 and 1946. Some of these images were mounted into photograph albums and feature people and scenes of Yellowknife, Fort Rae, Aklavik, Fort Norman, Norman Wells, Fort Smith and the Canol Project. This fonds also includes images taken in 1931 of people at Coronation Gulf, photographs documenting Finnie's travels in the arctic during the 1920s and 1930s that depict aspects of the fur trade, mission work, government activities in the north including treaty payments, medical treatments, transportation, communication and the life of the Copper Inuit. In addition, there are images taken by Richard Finnie during a trip to Fort Rae at treaty time in 1974. Some of these photographs were included in an article that Finnie wrote for "The Beaver", Summer 1975, entitled "Treaty Time at Fort Rae". The fonds also includes a photograph album containing 142 colour prints entitled "Canol: The Authors Photographic Post Mortem" which was compiled by Finnie from photos of his 1977 tour of the remains of the Canol project.

      The sound recordings consists of 8 audio reels (original masters) and 4 DAT audio cassettes (archival masters) containing the following: Trevor Lloyd interviewing Henry Larsen and Vilhalmjur Stefansson in 1962; E. M. Weyer interviewing Stefansson in 1955; and the soundtrack from the 1962 National Film Board film "Stefansson the Arctic Prophet." The moving images consist of 7 films created or collected by R.S. Finnie; the films were copied to 8 Umatic format videocassettes. The films are: "In the Shadow of the Pole" (1928); "The Arctic Patrol" (1929); "Among the Igloo Dwellers" (1930-31); "Ikpuck, The Igloo Dweller" (highlights from "Among the Igloo Dwellers"); "Patrol to the Northwest Passage" (1937); "The Dogrib Treaty" (1939); and "Canol" (1946?). The first two films listed cover the Eastern Arctic voyages of the "Beothic" (ship), and the next two focus on the Copper Inuit. "Patrol to the Northwest Passage" depicts the meeting of the "Nascopie" (ship) and "Aklavik" (ship).

      The text consists of one file containing a copy of a draft of an unpublished manuscript entitled "Canol - The sub-arctic Pipeline and Refinery Project of Bechtel - Price - Callahan for the Corps of Engineers, U.S. Army 1942-1944."

      Finnie, Richard