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Archival description
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279 · Fonds · 1920-1978

This fonds consists of approximately 51 meters of textual records, approximately 116 photographs, and 31 maps created and accumulated by the Northern Administration Branch and its various predecessors, from 1920 to 1978. The material was generated by the Federal government's activities in administering the Northwest Territories. Most of the records (over 34 m of textual records) are composed of files transferred from Ottawa to Yellowknife beginning in 1967, and include administrative and operational files. The majority of these files date between 1949 and 1967 and incorporate: correspondence, reports, vital statistic information, financial data, minutes, and a wide variety of reference material kept by the department. The files were classified via a numerical block system. The block system consisted of primary, secondary and tertiary levels such that a composite file number (for example 311-105-93) would represent a progression from general subject matter to a specific subject and/or location. The following primary blocks arrange the files:

100 - Administration;
200 - Economic and Industrial Development;
300 - Engineering Projects;
400 - Forests and Game;
500 - Public Service;
600 - Education;
1000 - General files on settlements, associations, companies, provinces, foreign countries, Inuit affairs, and resources;
20 - Individual case files;
3 - Personnel and organizational files.

None of the 700, 800 or 900 block files were forwarded to the NWT Archives. Moreover, at the time of transfer from Ottawa, it appears that other records from the file blocks brought to Yellowknife were culled in Ottawa. In addition, not all government functions were transferred in 1967, and some files contain records generated after 1967 from the continued administration of a function either by the federal government or from the use of the files by the new Territorial Government. A small number of photographs were located in the files during processing, however, these images have been left in their original files.

Additional accruals to this fonds make up another 10 meters of textual records and include the Northern Administration Branch records from the Fort Churchill district office dating from 1960 to 1970, and Western Arctic education records from 1964 to 1969. Another accrual of 7 meters of textual records documents the administration of trapping and hunting in the Northwest Territories, including correspondence, Superintendent of Game daily journals, game officer daily diaries and monthly reports, meeting minutes and materials, wildlife publications and reports, procedures, registered trapping area files, licence applications and licences, hunting and trapping returns, and fur export tax returns.

Other records of this fonds consist of: four ledgers kept between 1920 and 1967 documenting fur trapping and fur trading activities, four ledgers documenting fur and game take and value on registered trap lines, various licensing, and scientific research work; budget papers including estimates, expenditure statements and capital substantiation reports for 1966 to 1969; 2 supplementary readers, "Nuna" and "The Story of Papik an Eskimo Boy" compiled by the Curriculum Section of the Education Division from the journals of young Inuit children; and a 1954 report produced by C.C. Johnson, a Resident Engineer from Fort Smith. This report, entitled "Preliminary Report, Mackenzie Highway - Mills Lake Road" includes 31 corner mounted photographic prints and 16 black and white negatives. The report discusses plans to build a road to Mills Landing. In addition, there are copies of the Eskimo Bulletin dated from 1953-1959. The Eskimo Bulletin was produced by the Northern Administration and Land Branch in order to teach Inuit the English language.

Canada. Northern Administration Branch
Morse, Bradford W.
N-1992-081 · Accession · 1979

Records consist of one unpublished paper "Indian Tribal Courts in the United States: A Model for Canada?" The paper is 66 pages long, and was produced for delivery at the Native Law Centre. It was written by B.W. Morse, a professor at the University of Ottawa, Faculty of Law in 1979.

Morse, Bradford W.
G-1992-036 · Accession · 1982-1983
Part of Northwest Territories. Department of Justice and Public Services fonds

The recordings, often referred to as the Dene Music Project, were made at four different Dene communities and each performance consisted of numerous songs. For identification purposes, each performance or recording session has been given a unique item number regardless of the number of physical tapes or songs it may incorporate. Included among the recordings are the master reels (:0009) compiled from a selection from original recordings. These reels were to be used in the production of the published record. Reference cassettes for most of the recordings are available. The textual records consists of documentation on each of the recording sessions. The black and white photographic negatives and corresponding contact sheets were taken during the recording sessions. Final appraisal and selection of the photographic negatives (items :0010-:0088) was completed in March 2013. Items :0004, :0006 and :0008 - original masters are cassettes. All other items have reel to reels as original masters.

Northwest Territories. Department of Justice and Public Services. Museums and Heritage division
N-1992-501 · Accession · 1992

Records include sound recordings of interviews conducted as part of the Great Bear Lake Oral History Project in 1992. Topics discussed include settlement patterns around Great Bear Lake before Deline (Fort Franklin) was established, traditional place names in the Great Bear Lake area, the settlement of Deline (Fort Franklin), Slavey social life and customs, fishing, hunting and Slavey games. People interviewed included Jean Baptiste, Julie Baptiste, Madeline Baton, Paul Baton, Peter Baton, Madeline Bayha, Christine Cleary, Melanie Elemie, Margaret Kenny, Marie Therese (Sr.) Kenny, Bella Modeste, Camilla Takazo, Louie Taniton, Rosa Taniton, Francis Tatti, Cecile Tetso, Adeline Vital, Dora Vital and Johnny Vital. The interviews are in North Slavey; most recordings include introductions and summaries in English.

Great Bear Lake Oral History Project
354 · Fonds · 1972-2000

This fonds includes records of the Metis Nation (formerly the Metis Association of the NWT) for the period 1974-2000. The records include 980.7 cm, 11 8" floppy disks, and 58 3½" floppy disks of textual records, 9 maps, and 24 photographs of processed records relating to the Metis Association and Metis Nation. The records are divided into six series: Governance, Locals, Chronos, Administration, Membership/Enumeration, and Projects.

Yet to be processed: There are 4500 photographs of Metis Nation staff and events in colour print, b/w print, colour slide and negative formats. Many of the photographs are b/w prints stamped as being from archival institutions, such as the National Archives. Audio recordings include 1800 audio cassettes of oral histories and recordings of the annual general assemblies. Videos include 200 VHS and Umatic format videocassettes with footage of annual general assembly as well as videos produced for the Metis Nation.

Metis Nation
G-2002-019 · Accession · 1985-1989
Part of Northwest Territories. Department of Culture and Communications fonds

Records consist of 9 issues of Dene Yati dating from September 1985 to September 1989. Dene Yati was a newsletter published by the Dene Language Terminology Committee, Language Bureau, Department of Culture and Communications. The newsletter included articles about various topics such as Aboriginal languages, health issues, the legal system and career planning. Each issue also included a list of 40 terms or words about a particular topic, as well as the English, Chipewyan, Dogrib, Loucheux, North Slavey and South Slavey translations.

151 · Fonds · [18--]-2001

This fonds consists of 45 DAT audio cassettes, 125 audio cassettes, approximately 7.7 meters of textual material and approximately 1000 photographs.

These records, in the form of textual material, sound recordings and photographs have been divided into eight series: 1) Oral History Interview Transcripts; 2) Audio Recordings which consist of 45 DAT audio cassettes (archival masters) and 124 audio cassettes (original masters) of oral histories, and 1 audio cassette (original master) of Michif language excerpts from the 1994 Michif Language Conference; 3) Archives Photocopies; 4) Subject Files; 5) Family Files; 6) Administrative Files; 7) Photographs; 8) Miscellaneous.

The archives photocopies from Series 3) consist of copies of archival documents such as petitions, treaties, government reports, significant government correspondence, and copies of extracts from books and articles. Photocopies of some of these were placed in subject files (Series 4) and family files (Series 5). These files contain information relevant to certain subjects (i.e. education, communities, Hudson's Bay Company) or families.

The administrative files in series 6 concern the administration of the Metis History Project from 1972 to 1979. As well, eight boxes of primarily administrative textual materials were donated when the Metis Nation ceased operations in 2001.

The materials in series 8 (Miscellaneous) consist of drafts of the Metis History book, index material for this collection and information on how to use this collection. Other textual material includes transcripts of interviews conducted by representatives of the Metis Heritage Association in 1992. Elders interviewed include Beatrice Daniels, Sam Norn, Albert Lafferty, Rene Mercredi, Joseph Masuzumi, Frank Laviolette, Dora Tourangeau, Len Heron, Helena Mandeville and Mable Heron. Also included within this series is the transcript of the Michif Language Conference, held on February 19-20, 1994.

Metis Heritage Association
Michel Sikyea collection
N-2004-016 · Accession · 1970, 2002

The textual records is comprised of a funeral program for Michel Sikyea from December 2002. The photographs, taken by Bill Braden, depict Michel Sikyea cutting fish in a camp setting.

G-2024-030 · Accession · 2010-2012
Part of Northwest Territories. Department of Justice fonds

The accession consists of Community Justice PAFVA Evaluation Project Final Report 2010-2011, Review Engagement Report 2010-2011 for Victims Services (File # 6152-7-1), a Project Funding Agreement between the Government of Canada and the Government of Northwest Territories, and an Aboriginal Justice Strategy Final Report Capacity Building Fund 2010-2011 which outlines a workshop including its goals and the impact it had on attendees. It contains meeting minutes draft for an Aboriginal Justice Strategy Northwest Territories Dialogue Session, a copy of a Memorandum of Understanding Agreement between the Government of the Northwest Territories and Law Society of Canada regarding the set up of a law library at the Courthouse File including the library's budget. It consists of a GNWT Department of Justice Multi Year Proposal from April 2011 to March 2016 which outlines a Framework for Enhancing Victim Services in the NWT, a NWT/Nunavut Project #6350-60-7 Final Report 2009-12, and a Collaborative Justice Model Design Study Draft Final Report by NorthWays Consulting from July 2010. As with a lot of these type of records, files do contain some financial statements.

Robert C. Knights fonds
24 · Fonds · 1956-1964

This fonds consists of 3-16 mm films and 649 photographs depicting the years Mr. Knights spent in the Northwest Territories. The footage on the videocassettes includes a boat trip down the Mackenzie River, dog team journeys and the removal of a body from the bush. Among the 649 photographs are images of buildings and surrounding areas of Tsiigehtchic (Arctic Red River), Sachs Harbour, Inuvik, Arviat (Eskimo Point), and Rankin Inlet. Many pictures show friends, Royal Canadian Mounted Police personnel and family at dances, parties, parades, water skiing and family gatherings. Hunting scenes are also included as well as Indigenous community members.

Knights, Robert C.
N-2006-013 · Accession · 1959-2001

The textual records include published and unpublished texts on Slavey and Tłı̨chǫ (Dogrib) literacy, linguistic and translation, dating from 1959 to the 1990s. The published material is partially religious, and partially linguistic in nature. A large portion of the unpublished material consists of stories told by both Tłı̨chǫ and Slavey speakers on traditional knowledge, legends, and personal stories. The sound recordings are in Tłı̨chǫ. The cassette tapes feature Vital Thomas from 1979 to 1983 providing Tłı̨chǫ field linguistic data, and the CDs were produced between 1999 and 2001 by the Dogrib Translation Committee and feature Marie Louise Bouvier-White reading passages from the Bible in Tłı̨chǫ.

SIL linguists whose work is within this accession include: Steve Barber, Betsy Barber, Gillian Story, Victor Monus, Anita Monus, Constance Naish, William Davidson, June Davidson, Jaap Feenstra, Morina Feenstra and Herbert A. Zimmerman. Dene language consultants include: Sarah Sibbeston, Old Loman, Louis Norwegian, Gabe Sanguez, Jim Sanguez, Jimmie Cholo, Sarah Hardisty, H. Kelly, Jim Lamalice, Laura Sibbeston, Modeste Mackay, Johnny Teetso, Ted Trindell, Fred Andrew, Jimmie Bread, Sarah Lamalice, Fred Tambour, Willie Martel, William Bugghins, Johnny Mackay, Chal Yohin[?], Vital Thomas, J. Konisenta and George Matou.

Summer Institute of Linguistics International
Goldi Productions Ltd.
N-1992-195 · Accession · [1980, 1981], copied 1986

Records include two films, "They Fish the Great Slave" and "Dene Family". "They Fish the Great Slave" was produced in 1980 by Arctic Films; produced and directed by John Goldi and narrated by Mick Mallon. The subject of the film is commercial fishing on the Great Slave Lake, and features Clifford Bird, Johnny Nault, and Jane "Total" Mayo. "Dene Family" is a Goldi Productions Film from the Northern Lifestyle Series and was produced with the support of the NWT Department of Education and Canada Council Exploration in 1981. The film is narrated by Elizabeth Marlowe and depicts the lifestyle of the Marlowe family of Łutselk’e (Snowdrift).

Goldi Productions Ltd.
Vittrekwa, Enna
N-1984-004 · Accession · [194-?-197-?]

Records within this accession include six photographs of the Vittrekwa family, and includes people from Fort McPherson and Aklavik. These include Enna's parents William Vittrekwa and Mary Vittrekwa, as well as sister Catherine and brother-in-law Alfred Semple.

Vittrekwa, Enna
122 · Fonds · 1914, 1963-1990

Records are primarily the records of the Western Constitutional Forum and the Constitutional Alliance. These records document the organizations' administration, finances, community liaison and public relations activities, research activities and publications, and interactions with member organizations including the Dene Nation, Métis Association, Legislative Assembly, Tungavik Federation of Nunavut (TFN), Inuit Tapirisat of Canada (ITC), Inuvialuit Regional Corporation (IRC), Committee for Original Peoples' Entitlement (COPE).

The records include incorporation records, terms of reference, bylaws, action plans and activity reports, correspondence, audio recordings and minutes of meetings, workshops and conferences, budgets and financial statements, funding agreements, job descriptions, press releases, newspaper articles, newsletters, research papers and reference materials, publications, including audio versions of the pamphlet series in North Slavey (Dene Kǝdǝ́), South Slavey (Dene Zhatıé), Chipewyan, Tłı̨chǫ, Gwich’in, Inuvialuktun, and Inuinnaqtun, speaking notes, presentation slides (textual and photographic), photographs of the signing of the Iqaluit Agreement, and maps showing tentative boundaries, and information relevant to division.

The accession also includes related records from the NCF and member groups of the Forums and Constitutional Alliance (Dene Nation, Metis Association, Legislative Assembly, Tungavik Federation of Nunavut, Inuit Tapirisat of Canada, Inuvialuit Regional Corporation, COPE, and Dene/Métis Claims Secretariat) such as bylaws, meeting minutes, action plans and activity reports, annual reports, resolutions, financial statements, newsletters, discussion papers, correspondence, and press releases.

Constitutional Alliance of the Northwest Territories. Western Constitutional Forum
Tsaitcha, Noel
N-1989-507 · Accession · [1984]

This accession consists of stories about the Tlicho (Dogrib) chief, Edzo and is entitled "Edzo's work to make peace".

Tsaitcha, Noel
N-2001-009 · Accession · 1997-2000

Records were generated by a project undertaken by the Sahtu Heritage Places and Sites Joint Working Group and include one report entitled "Places We Take Care Of" that identified and made recommendations about the protection, preservation and promotion of heritage places and sites important to the history and culture of the Sahtu Dene and Metis. Records also consist of copies of oral history transcripts from Délı̨nę, Colville Lake and Fort Good Hope. Interviews were carried out as part of the project to identify additional culturally significant and historic sites.

Sahtu Heritage Places and Sites Joint Working Group
June Helm
N-2003-037 · Accession · [1951-197-?]
Part of June Helm fonds

The images were taken primarily during June Helm's field work in 1951-1952 and the 1960s. They mainly document community life and field work in Jean Marie River in 1951, 1952, and 1959, and community life and travel in Rae (Behchokǫ̀) and Whatı̀ (then Lac La Martre) in 1959 and the 1960s. June Helm's research assistants Teresa Carterette (1951-1952) and Nancy O. Lurie (1959, 1962, 1967) also figure in the images, as does Helm's first husband Richard "Scotty" MacNeish. Activities depicted include travel by boat and canoe, dogsledding, fixing fish nets, aerial photographs of communities, hunting, hand games and feasts.

June Helm
N-2002-016 · Accession · 1950-1965
Part of June Helm fonds

Records include field data collected between 1950-1960 on Dene Kinship Terminology of the Hare [Sahtu Dene], Dogrib [Tłı̨chǫ], Slavey [Dehcho Dene] and Chipewyan [Dëne Sųłıné]. Research was conducted at Fort Good Hope, Rae (Behchokǫ), Whatı̀, Dettah, Jean Marie River, Fort Simpson and at the Camsell Hospital in Edmonton, Alberta. In addition, there is correspondence related to the fieldwork and kinship research conducted at Whatı̀, Tłı̨chǫ kinship protocols, kinship terms, and an article on kinship, which appeared in American Anthropologist. There are also several steno pads, which include genealogical data from O.M.I. (Oblates of Mary Immaculate) records at Rae, and ethnological notes from the 1960s. There are also punch cards with notes related to the Thematic Apperception Test (TAT) and results from Rorschach Inkblot tests conducted in Rae and Whatı̀. The remaining records include approximately twenty psychological projective test records, including the Thematic Apperception Test and Rorschach Inkblot Test, which were conducted at Whatı̀ in 1960, as well as loose notes from the psychological projective tests. Included in this material is the draft analysis by George A. DeVos of the University of California at Berkeley and draft personality sketches done by June Helm based upon the field observations of herself and Nancy O. Lurie between 1959-1960.

June Helm
N-2002-021 · Accession · [1880]-1971
Part of June Helm fonds

The material dates between 1880-1971. This material includes copies of Department of Indian Affairs Annual Reports from 1880-1968; copies of treaty reports and general information about Treaty 8 and Treaty 11, copies of Royal Canadian Mounted Police patrol reports from the Mackenzie and Athabasca Districts (1919-1921); copies of relief policies; Band Rolls from the Yellowknife Agency (1959-1961), and Mackenzie District (1971), and a household survey conducted at Lac La Martre (Whatı̀) in 1959. In addition, there is a copy of an article written by Bishop Breynat called the "Blackest Blot" which appeared in the Toronto Star in the 1930s, several articles related to the Roman Catholic and Anglican churches in the Northwest Territories, and miscellaneous articles related to game laws and restrictions, land reserves and disease. The maps indicate the location of missions in the Mackenzie/Athabasca regions circa 1800s.

June Helm
N-2002-017 · Accession · 1951-1995
Part of June Helm fonds

The majority of the material consists of Teresa Carterette's field notes on research conducted at Jean Marie River dated from 1951-1952, copies of June Helm's field notes on the Tłı̨chǫ dated from 1969-1970, bundles of field slips containing brief notes on fieldwork conducted in Jean Marie River between 1951-1952, correspondence to and from residents of the Northwest Territories dated 1990-1995 and copies of several articles by June Helm that appeared in anthropology and scholarly journals. This series of published papers includes the following: Remarks on the Methodology of Band Composition Analysis, The Nature of Dogrib [Tłı̨chǫ] Socioterritorial Groups, Contemporary Folk Beliefs of a Slave Indian [Dehcho Dene] Band (Journal of American Folklore), Variations in Personality and Ego Identification within a Slave Indian [Dehcho Dene] Kin-Community by June Helm, G.A. DeVos, Teresa Carterette; several photocopied articles written by Helm that appeared in Arctic Anthropology (1981, vol. 1 and 1993, vol 2); Arctic (June 1983); Anthropologie (1963); American Ethnologist (May 1980); copy of Chapter 9 which she contributed to book “Political Organization of Native North Americans", Ernest L. Schusky, Editor; Chapter 7 from “Long-Term Field Research in Social Anthropology”, Epilogue entitled “Women’s Work, Women’s Art” for book “Out of the North”, “On Responsible Scholarship on Culture Contact in the Mackenzie Basin" (Current Anthropology, Vol. 19, No. 1 March 1978); and “Tales from the Dogribs [Tłı̨chǫ]”, June Helm and Vital Thomas.