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Archival description
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279 · Fonds · 1920-1978

This fonds consists of approximately 51 meters of textual records, approximately 116 photographs, and 31 maps created and accumulated by the Northern Administration Branch and its various predecessors, from 1920 to 1978. The material was generated by the Federal government's activities in administering the Northwest Territories. Most of the records (over 34 m of textual records) are composed of files transferred from Ottawa to Yellowknife beginning in 1967, and include administrative and operational files. The majority of these files date between 1949 and 1967 and incorporate: correspondence, reports, vital statistic information, financial data, minutes, and a wide variety of reference material kept by the department. The files were classified via a numerical block system. The block system consisted of primary, secondary and tertiary levels such that a composite file number (for example 311-105-93) would represent a progression from general subject matter to a specific subject and/or location. The following primary blocks arrange the files:

100 - Administration;
200 - Economic and Industrial Development;
300 - Engineering Projects;
400 - Forests and Game;
500 - Public Service;
600 - Education;
1000 - General files on settlements, associations, companies, provinces, foreign countries, Inuit affairs, and resources;
20 - Individual case files;
3 - Personnel and organizational files.

None of the 700, 800 or 900 block files were forwarded to the NWT Archives. Moreover, at the time of transfer from Ottawa, it appears that other records from the file blocks brought to Yellowknife were culled in Ottawa. In addition, not all government functions were transferred in 1967, and some files contain records generated after 1967 from the continued administration of a function either by the federal government or from the use of the files by the new Territorial Government. A small number of photographs were located in the files during processing, however, these images have been left in their original files.

Additional accruals to this fonds make up another 10 meters of textual records and include the Northern Administration Branch records from the Fort Churchill district office dating from 1960 to 1970, and Western Arctic education records from 1964 to 1969. Another accrual of 7 meters of textual records documents the administration of trapping and hunting in the Northwest Territories, including correspondence, Superintendent of Game daily journals, game officer daily diaries and monthly reports, meeting minutes and materials, wildlife publications and reports, procedures, registered trapping area files, licence applications and licences, hunting and trapping returns, and fur export tax returns.

Other records of this fonds consist of: four ledgers kept between 1920 and 1967 documenting fur trapping and fur trading activities, four ledgers documenting fur and game take and value on registered trap lines, various licensing, and scientific research work; budget papers including estimates, expenditure statements and capital substantiation reports for 1966 to 1969; 2 supplementary readers, "Nuna" and "The Story of Papik an Eskimo Boy" compiled by the Curriculum Section of the Education Division from the journals of young Inuit children; and a 1954 report produced by C.C. Johnson, a Resident Engineer from Fort Smith. This report, entitled "Preliminary Report, Mackenzie Highway - Mills Lake Road" includes 31 corner mounted photographic prints and 16 black and white negatives. The report discusses plans to build a road to Mills Landing. In addition, there are copies of the Eskimo Bulletin dated from 1953-1959. The Eskimo Bulletin was produced by the Northern Administration and Land Branch in order to teach Inuit the English language.

Canada. Northern Administration Branch
Monica MacDonald collection
N-2007-012 · Accession · 1959

Records include photographs taken by Monica MacDonald while she was a school teacher living in Fort Good Hope in 1959. The images depict daily life in the community in the springtime, showing housing and children at play. A number of the images show an aerial view of the community and surrounding scenery as seen from a helicopter.

MacDonald, Monica
Felix Labat fonds
375 · Fonds · 1954-1987

This fonds consists of 1141 colour slides of Fort Simpson, Fort Providence, Fort Smith, Fort Good Hope, Deline, Tulita, Norman Wells, Hay River, and Willow Lake River, as well as 5 colour negatives of Willow Lake (K’álǫ Tué) taken by Father Felix Labat OMI. Included in these are approximately 44 images taken by Sister Blanche Matte, sgm, particularly in Behchoko, Whati, Fort Good Hope, and Fort Providence. The photographs span much of Father Labat's career with the Roman Catholic Diocese of the Mackenzie, beginning in Deline in 1954 and stretching into the 1980s. Subject matter includes church services, weddings, first communions, and other church-related activities, transportation by barge, motorboat, canoe, dogsled, mooseskin boat, ski, snowshoe and snowmobile, portraits of Dene men, women and children, including students at Grollier Hall in Inuvik and Breynat Hall in Fort Smith, Dene arts and crafts, events, including the NWT Centennial Canoe Race and 1984 Pope's (cancelled) visit, and hunting and fishing activities.

Labat, Felix
N-1989-026 · Accession · 1951-1953

This accession consists of two file folders labelled Aklavik and Port Radium and site plans for Aklavik and Yellowknife. Inside the folders are charts illustrating daylight/twilight/darkness distribution at 66 degrees and 68 degrees North and two internal memorandums about Aklavik and Port Radium written by Margaret R. Montgomery for the Northern Operational Research Section, Department of National Defence. Also in the folders are three maps (0001) Hydrographic chart of Great Bear Lake, (0002) site plan of Port Radium, and (0003) Road & Rail Routes in the Northwest.

David Sherstone fonds
403 · Fonds · 1973 -1975

This fonds contains photographs taken between 1973 -1975 during three distinct northern expeditions. Photographs taken from the first expedition, which took place in May 1973, documnent transport vehicles used by the team, sites and captured phenomenon related to Sherstone's glaciology work, and the townships of Fort Simpson, Norman Wells, and Inuvik. Photographs of the second expedition, taking place from May -June 1974, capture transport vehicles and other equipment used by Sherstone's team, notable homes and buildings in Yellowknife, Fort Good Hope, Fort Wrigley, Norman Wells, Tuktoyuktuk, Resolute Bay and Frobisher Bay [Iqaluit], and Sherstone's research sites and camp facilities during this expedition. Photographs of the third expedition occuring in May 1975 mainly feature aircrafts and landing sites, and natural phenomena viewed by Sherstone during this trip through Tuktoyuktuk and Norman Wells.

Sherstone, David
Northern Map collection
N-2004-011 · Accession · [1897-196-]

The photographs include a colour photograph of the Northern Transportation Company vessel the "M.V. Kelly Hall" and a hand coloured black and white portrait of a couple. The settlement plans are from the communities of Yellowknife, Fort Smith, Aklavik, Fort Good Hope, Fort McPherson, Wrigley, Fort Simpson, Hay River, Port Radium, Fort Resolution, Taltson River, Pine Point, Fort Liard, Tuktoyaktuk and Fort Providence. In addition, there are maps showing water routes of steamships and mining claims in the Yellowknife area. Most of the maps and plans were published by various federal departments, including the Department of the Interior, Department of Mines and Technical Surveys, and Department of Mines and Resources.

N-2005-002 · Accession · [1950-]

The DVD is a copy of an 8 mm film of home movies shot in Fort Simpson in the 1950s by Ron Cree. The film depicts life in the settlement at that time.
The film footage and stills include images of the community of Fort Simpson, barges and planes, notable people such as the Kraus family and the Linbergs, activities such as the arrival of Cat trains and supplies, RCMP buildings, mission buildings, the experimental farm and the royal visit of Prince Philip to Fort Simpson.

Cree, Ron
Thomas Albert Donnelly fonds
409 · Fonds · 1969-1977

This fonds consists of 597 col. slides. Slides feature Thomas Donnelly's travels throughout the Northwest Territories as a meteorologist. The communities highlighted in these slides include Yellowknife, Fort Smith, Inuvik, Fort Franklin (Délı̨nę), Lac La Martre (Whatı̀), Fort Good Hope, Norman Wells, Colville Lake, Rae (Behchokǫ̀), Cambridge Bay, Coppermine (Kugluktuk), Holman (Ulukhaktok), Hay River, Artic Red River (Tsiigetchic), and Fort Reliance.

The content of the slides features Donnelly's travels throughout the north but heavily favours aerial views of the Mackenzie River and surrounding communities, weather stations, airports, air and float planes, churches and significant events such as the construction of the Dempster Highway and the visit of Governor General Michener to the community of Holman (Ulukhaktok).

Donnelly, Thomas Albert
Archibald Fleming fonds
39 · Fonds · 1908-1950

This fonds consists of prints and negatives, including cellulose nitrate and one glass negative, formerly owned by Archibald Lang Fleming, as well as a program for the opening of the All Saints' Hospital in Aklavik in 1937, attended by Governor General Lord Tweedsmuir (John Buchan). The photographs include the communities of: Aklavik, Baker Lake, Cambridge Bay, Cape Dorset, Chesterfield Inlet, Clyde River, Coppermine, Eskimo Point, Lake Harbour, Pangnirtung, and Pond Inlet, among others. Images feature the portraits and daily activities of Inuit and Dene and Anglican churches and missions.

Fleming, Archibald
Terry Garvin fonds
108 · Fonds · 1954-1983

This fonds consists of 261 photographs (19 black and white slides; 242 colour slides) taken by Terry Garvin between 1954 and 1982. Many of the images were taken during Garvin's work as a Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) officer, although some were taken during trips he made after leaving the RCMP, including while working for the Arctic Pilot Project. Subjects include community views and buildings, scenic views, mines, people, Tlicho hand games, aircraft, and boats. Locations include but are not limited to Yellowknife, Behchoko, Arctic Bay, Grise Fiord, and Fort Smith.

Garvin, Terry
L.F.G. "Bob" Borden
N-1992-140 · Accession · 1940-1944

This accession consists of 27 black and white photographs of Yellowknife and the surrounding area featuring mine sites, road construction and buildings.

Borden, L.F.G. "Bob"
312 · Fonds · 1966-2013

This fonds consists of approximately 29.49 meters of textual material, two reels of microfilm, 11 microfiches, 2 Betamax videocassettes, and 3 architectural drawings created by the NWT Housing Corporation. The bulk of the material consists of correspondence, minutes, reports and decision papers from the following committees and working groups: Board of Directors Human Resources Committee, Policy Committee, Finance Committee, Housing Committee, Prime Public Authority Steering Committee, Senior Management Committee, Advisory Committee, Housing and Services for the Aged and Handicapped Committee, Tripartite Management Committee, Planning and Monitoring Committee, Advisory Committee on Social Housing, Maintenance Management Review Committee, Staff Housing Infrastructure Review Committee, Retrofit 2 Review Committee, Informatics Committee, Strategic Planning Committee, Social Envelope Committee, Maintenance Steering Committee, Harmonization Working Group, Harmonization Committee and Corporate Executive Committee. There are also minutes, reports and correspondence from District construction meetings, community consultation meetings including the community empowerment initiative and various inter-departmental committees.

The files from the policy and research programs relate to the development of a new Rent Scale Program, Homes for Seniors Program, and Northern Housing Program, and also include program delivery records for cost-shared programs with the Canadian Mortgage and Housing Corporation (CMHC) such as the Rental Program, Emergency Repair Program, Homeownership Program and Residential Rehabilitation Program. There are also files related to a training education and development proposal, surveys and reviews of NWTHC programs, housing needs survey reports for the communities of Iqaluit, Kugluktuk, Yellowknife, Bay Chimo, Pelly Bay, Pond Inlet, Norman Wells, Wha Ti, Paulatuk and Snare Lake, as well as a case study on housing in Fort Good Hope. There is also material related to a review of the status of the Housing Corporation as a Crown Corporation and manuals and planning files related to the NWTHC Maintenance Management System, the Management Information System (MIS), Building and Learning Strategy and Core Need Income Threshold.

In addition, there are files relating to the relationship between the NWT Housing Corporation and district or regional housing authorities including files regarding the administration of the Local Housing Organization program, minutes of the meetings with regional housing authorities and signed management agreements with these regional housing authorities.

There is also a small number of files from the Operations Division and Finance and Infrastructure Services, including guidelines and policies related to social housing and modernization improvement program, an Electrical Use Study, and several files concerning the Corporation's involvement and response to the GNWT Utilities Reduction initiative. From Finance and Infrastructure Services there are policies and procedures manuals documenting financial functions of the NWT Housing Corporation. There are also agreements between the Housing Corporation and the Canadian Mortgage and Housing Corporation, the Nunavut Housing Corporation, and the Northwest Territories Mortgage and Loan Company. There are also briefing books, President and Ministerial Chronos, the Brishaw Report, strategic planning material, organizational reviews, housing demand studies, work plans and decision papers related to the proposed amalgamation of the NWT Housing Corporation, Department of Transportation and Department of Public Works and Services, correspondence, reports and decision papers regarding the harmonization of social assistance programs (Education, Culture and Employment) and public housing programs. Also included is the Housing Implementation Strategy and an agreement regarding staff housing program responsibilities. There are also two Betamax format videotapes entitled: "Homeownership Assistance Program" and "House Construction (Part 1) Homeownership Assistance Program".

The files from the Programs and District Operations division include records about the Alternate Housing Program, the Home Improvement Program, the Rental Housing Admission process, consultations on CHMC program review, records from the Homeownership Assistance Program (HAP,) and the HAP Allocation Committee, economic rent calculation, consultations and other records regarding Rent Scale, and policies and procedures for the Corporation. Also included is a small group of records about the Lease to Purchase Program, the Northern Territorial Rental Purchase Program, the Downpayment Assistance Program, the Minimum Downpayment Assistance Policy Program (MDAPP), the Direct Lending Program, the Rural and Remote Program, the Owner Build Program, the Remote Housing Program, the Rent Supplement Program, the Staff Housing Program, Harmonization of Social Housing and Income Support, and housing for seniors. Also included are assessments of Local Housing Organizations (LHOs) and rent scale reports.

The files from the Policy, Programs and Informatics division include records about the Rent Supplement program and copies of NWT Housing Corporation policies, directives, and procedures.

Northwest Territories. NWT Housing Corporation (1972-present)
Fred North collection
N-2011-005 · Accession · [1959-1979?]

The images document Fred North's time in Inuvik (1957-1963 as principal of Sir Alexander Mackenzie School; 1965-1966 either as vice-principal of the new school or back at SAMS; 1967-1973 at one of the schools, probably as principal), Fort Simpson (1963-1965 as school principal) and Yellowknife (1973-1979 - spent one or two years as school principal in Lac la Martre / Whatı̀. Then he served as Superintendent of School Services-Operations ordering furnishings and supplies for all NWT schools). The images show schools, students, teachers, and classrooms, as well as northern events like carnivals, royal visits, and Northern Games. There are also images of various communities and the buildings within them.

North, Fred
Terry Keim collection
N-2013-020 · Accession · 1964-1967

The film was shot in Inuvik and the Mackenzie delta region circa 1964-1967. The filmmaker is Terry F. Keim. The film features the [196? and 1967] Inuvik Muskrat Jamboree, aerial views of Inuvik, various buildings in the townsite, airplanes and the Inuvik airport, and extensive footage of drum dancers in traditional costumes. A complete shot listing is located in the accession file.

Keim, Terry
Bern Will Brown fonds
381 · Fonds · 1940-1999

This fonds consists of 0.6 cm of textual records, ca. 13,000 photographs (col. slides, col. negatives, and b&w negatives), and 31 reels of 16 mm film.

The textual records comprise two newsletters produced by Bern Will Brown and a series of letters written by Capt. C.T. Pederson. The newsletters give a brief overview of life in the community of Colville Lake during 1991 and 1992, including items of interest relating to various members of the community. The Pedersen correspondence is autobiographical, including reminiscences of C.T. Pederson of some of his activities in the north; the majority are addressed to Father Brown of Our Lady of the Snows Mission in Colville Lake, but one letter is addressed to Commander Ransom.

The photographs include images of a wide variety of subjects, particularly activities of the Catholic Church and traditional activities of the Dene, Inuvialuit and Inuit, including hunting, trapping and transportation. There are photos of many locations throughout the NWT as well as some locations in Nunavut, Saskatchewan, and Alberta.

The films and videocassettes include footage of dog teams, life at Colville Lake, Fort McMurray, Alberta, Aklavik, Husky Lakes, Whitefish Station, Tulita (Fort Norman), Nahanni Butte, Fort Simpson, Bern Will Brown, various Catholic priests and bishops, fishing, children at play, aircraft, construction of the mission, reindeer, whaling, trapping, hunting, church services, many local families including: Kochon, Codzi, Masuzumi, Cotchilly, Oudzi and political visitors such as Governors-General.

Brown, Bern Will
Dillon, Barb
N-1992-179 · Accession · 1983

This accession consists of 22 colour negatives of Inuvik's 25th anniversary celebration, held July 18, 1983.

Dillon, Barb
Haley, Susan, b. 1949
N-1988-505 · Accession · [1987?]

This accession consists of an incomplete translation by Susan Haley of Father Emile Petitot's journal. Documented are Petitot's observations around Great Bear Lake and Fort Franklin.

Please note that the text includes discussions of violence, as well as outdated and disrespectful terms to refer to Indigenous peoples. We have reproduced these terms in the digitized document because they are a part of the original historical record. If you have questions or feedback please contact NWT Archives.

N-1992-069 · Accession · 1985

The plan was produced in response to the City of Yellowknife's call for proposals for development plans for the city's waterfront areas and includes detailed lot drawings of Latham Island, Jolliffe Island and the Old Town area of Yellowknife.

N-1992-056 · Accession · 1948

This accession consists of one draft plan, registration number WCFUA 239776, and four photographic reproductions of plans indicating the lot boundaries for the City of Yellowknife in 1948. These plans were compiled for the Western Canada Insurance Underwriter's Association, and the original draft plan is reproduced on one of the four reprints purchased from the PAC. The four reprints are from the National Map Collection, reference numbers: 0007859 - sheets 1-4. These plans include the original names given to many of the streets in the new town area of Yellowknife.

Western Canada Insurance Underwriter's Association
N-1992-089 · Accession · 1974

The accession consists of one blueprint of a "Plan of Site Survey showing fill and improvements on water lots 1 to 9, block G, Yellowknife. Scale 1" to 50'. Block G covers part of Latham Island.

Canada. Department of Energy, Mines and Resources