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Archival description
Fur trade
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Buffum Fur Trade Ledgers

  • N-1992-074
  • Accession
  • 1897-1907

Records consist of two ledgers dating from 1897-1907. The location of the store where these ledgers were used is unknown, but it is possible that they originate from the Hislop and Nagle in Fort Rae as George Buffum may have collected them during the time when he ran his trading post. The ledgers itemize furs traded for other goods.

Buffum, George

McDonald, William L., 1893-1971

  • N-1990-023
  • Accession
  • 1970, copied [1988?]

The original audio cassette was copied to DAT circa 1988. The recording consists of an interview with K. Vaydik, a freelancer under contract with the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation in Yellowknife. The discussion covered McDonald's early life, his activities as a geologist and prospector, travel to Yellowknife during the 1930s, a meeting with Jack Hornby, McDonald's opinion on developing a wilderness park at the east end of Great Slave Lake, trading posts, and his naturalist activities.

Hunter, Mary

  • N-1989-029
  • Accession
  • 1940

This accession consists of one annotated map of the Northwest Territories entitled "Map of the Dominion of Canada Showing the Establishments of the Hudson Bay Company's Fur Trade Department". This map, published in 1940, shows the locations of raw fur departments, fur trade posts, posts with Hudson Bay Company radio telegraph, and posts with meteorological stations and radio telegraph. The annotations show the locations of Waterways, Alberta, and Buffalo River and Clear Lake, Saskatchewan.

Loutitt, Laura, b. 1904

  • N-1987-018
  • Accession
  • 1986

The audio recording is of an interview with Laura Loutitt. The interview was conducted by the Assistant Archivist of the Northwest Territories Archives at the request of Laura Loutitt.

Northwest Territories. Department of Culture and Communications. Museums and Heritage division. NWT Archives

Menez, Louis, Father, O.M.I.

  • N-1985-504
  • Accession
  • [196-]

Records include a genealogy of the Beaulieu family, beginning with Francois Beaulieu of Salt River, who was one of the guides leading Alexander Mackenzie to the Arctic Ocean in 1789 and to the Pacific Ocean in 1793. Also included in the text are biographical excerpts on the Beaulieu family taken from a range of oral accounts. At the end of the genealogy are photocopied images of various Chiefs from Fort Smith.

Menez, Louis

Harrison, David A.

  • N-1979-560
  • Accession
  • [1977-1978]

This accession consists of photocopies of 2 manuscripts by David A. Harrison, "A History of Development of Hay River, Northwest Territories Between 1800 & 1967" and "The Fur Trade and the Growth of Hay River."

Harrison, David A.

Richard Bonnycastle fonds

  • 49
  • Fonds
  • 1968

This fonds consists of a typescript diary of Richard Bonnycastle's 1968 journey by plane from Fort Garry (Manitoba) through Alberta and down the Mackenzie River and back to Fort Garry. The narrative includes references to the trips he made while he was district manager for the Hudson's Bay Company. Places he visited on his journey included Fort Smith, Yellowknife, Fort Simpson, Norman Wells, Inuvik, Tuktoyaktuk and Aklavik.

Bonnycastle, Richard

Norman Robinson fonds

  • 356
  • Fonds
  • 1919-1940

This fonds consists of 709 black and white photographs and approximately 20 cm of textual material relating to Norman Robinson's travels in the Northwest Territories, British Columbia and Ireland between 1919-1940. The photographs are mounted in nine journals which contain narrative about Robinson's work in the Northwest Territories as a trapper and guide; his work in British Columbia as a Game Warden and two years spent in Ireland. In addition, there are two original letters that Robinson wrote to his mother while he was guiding a Survey Party in the Northwest Territories in 1924, two notebooks which contain transcribed letters that Robinson wrote to his family in Ireland between 1919-1922 and transcriptions of three narratives written by Norman Robinson.

Robinson, Norman

Northwest Territories. Department of Renewable Resources fonds

  • 304
  • Fonds
  • [1932-2003]

This fonds consists of approximately 76.40 meters of textual material, 46 posters, approximately 35 maps, 4 audio reels, 14 audiocassettes, 5 sound CDs, three 16 mm film reels and approximately 395 videocassettes in Betamax and Umatic format.

The textual material from the Wildlife Services Division consists of several oversize ledgers documenting Hunting and Trapping Reports and Fur Export Tax Reports from across the Northwest Territories. There are also general correspondence files, minutes of meetings, memorandums, strategic planning, and policies relating to the division's activities, programs and workshops delivered and files relating to the transfer of responsibilities for forestry and fire management from the federal government to the Government of the Northwest Territories. In addition there are records dealing with enforcement, devolution of land and water, and outfitting, trapping permits files, harvest reports, outfitter harvest statistics, reports on the monitoring of different wildlife species, Convention of International Trade of Endangered Species (CITES) files, human resources files, Game Office files, caribou and moose surveys, fisheries data, fur auction records, fur dealers records, Trappers Association records, export permits, trappers assistance records, organized hunts, buffalo/caribou hunter data, hunter kill statistics, anthrax control and emergency response planning, humane trapping, community freezers and bison ranching. There are also annual reports for the division, 1990-1992.

There are also files that were created by the Forest and Wildlife office in Rae and Fort Smith. This material contains Robert Douglas' monthly patrol reports and correspondence from between 1951-1955. The reports include summaries of the warden's duties, weather reports, wildlife observations, hunting, trapping and fishing activities, lists of game taken and licenses issued, as well as the monitoring of animal species, particularly caribou. The remaining material from Fort Smith dates between 1987-1996 and contains files relating to Administration, Personnel, Policy and Directives, Finance and Budget, Training, Lands and Properties, Associations, Committees and Boards, Native Organizations, Wildlife and Habitat Management, Research and Field Studies, Resource Development, Fisheries and Forestry Legislation and Enforcement, Licenses and Permits, Conservation Education and Pollution Control. In addition, there are approximately 35 maps from this division that concern animal trapping in the Northwest Territories.

The textual material from the Pollution Control Division dates between 1975 - 1991. The records consist of air quality reports, water quality reports, and information about solid waste management, hazardous waste management, waste oil, chemical disposal and minutes from the Pollution Control Division meetings.

The material generated or managed by the Field Services Division between 1961-1986, consists of correspondence, minutes from Regional Superintendents and Regional Hunters and Trappers Associations meetings, field project reports, reports from regional and community wildlife officers, fur records, forms and reference material kept by the division. The records relate to a variety of activities such as: hunting, trapping, enforcement of regulations, animal studies, fisheries, training and organizational structure. Reports from the five administrative regions of the Government of the Northwest Territories (Fort Smith, Inuvik, Keewatin, Baffin and the Kitikmeot, which was once part of the Fort Smith region) have been kept in an effort to document regional activities and responses.

The textual material created and/or managed by the Directorate of the Department of Renewable Resources between 1975-1993, include correspondence of the Minister, Deputy Minister and Assistant Deputy. In addition, there are divisional reports, minutes of meetings, briefing notes, decision papers, Land Use Planning records, Management Steering Committee records, copies of submissions to environmental review boards and copies of agreements between the Federal Government and the GNWT. There is also a copy of an operational review of the department that was conducted between 1990-1991, a subsequent report and appendices of a departmental organizational review, and files related to enforcement issues and development of hunting regulations in the Liard/Mackenzie Corridor. Additionally, there are three files from the department library that relate to forestry and game officers from 1950-1969.

The records from the Environmental Planning and Assessment Division date from 1971 to 1991 and consist of land use planning evaluations, correspondence, policies, minutes of meetings, social impact studies and records relating to water management and planning, Inter-jurisdictional Water Negotiations and Environmental Impact-Assessment of Oil/Gas and Mineral Exploration.

The records from the Finance and Administration Division consist of files relating to Departmental Organization and Priorities. These records are dated between 1984-1986.

The three 16 mm film reels contain two films produced by the Department of Renewable Resources in conjunction with the Department of Culture and Communication. The first film is entitled "Koukdjuak Crossing: Caribou Tagging on Baffin Island." The film is available in English and Inuktitut. The second film, "Two Have Forever: Hunting the Bathurst Caribou Herd" was produced in 1986; it illustrates the importance of the Bathurst herd to the Inuit, Dene and non-natives. This film is available in English and Innuiaqtun. The accession containing approximately 395 videocassettes was produced by or for the Conservation Education and Resource Development Division of the Department of Renewable Resources. The videocassettes contain informational programming about wildlife management, trapping, fur handling, oil spill containment, hunting safety, firearm safety, information about Renewable Resources officers and projects, land use planning and wildlife conservation.

The fonds also contains records relating to the transfer (devolution) forestry and fire management from the federal government, including correspondence, work plans, asset inventories, organizational charts, job descriptions, and meeting minutes.

The fonds also includes records relating to forest management, including timber licensing, forest utilization, and timber export.

Part of the fonds is comprised of a series of posters produced the department for the annual National Wildlife Week Poster Contest; another series warns of the dangers of bears; a third series relates to Wildlife Regulations in relation to hunting and the export of animals/pelts/meat outside the Northwest Territories. The sound recordings consist of 3 audio reels and 6 DAT audiocassettes that contain recordings from a conference entitled "Fish, Fur and Game for the Future" held in February 1981. The remaining sound recordings, which consist of 14 audiocassettes and 1 audio reel, contain programs and radio ads that were produced by the department between 1985-1990. These programs and ads were aimed at teaching northerners about caring for the environment, educating them about the role of the department and raising awareness about new wildlife regulations. The audio reel contains the proceedings from a Fur Symposium held in Fort Resolution from 1986.

The remaining material within the fonds is comprised of published studies, reports, and brochures from the Department of Renewable Resources; the majority of material relates to its Wildlife Service subdivision between 1976 and approximately 1997. There are also approximately 5 cm of reports created by the Science Advisory Board of the Northwest Territories. The reports date from 1979-1982 and include the objectives of the Board as well as multiple topics including population studies, imported foods to the N.W.T., wind energy, aquatic resources, arctic marine mammals, dietary habits of native populations and animal management.

Northwest Territories. Department of Renewable Resources (1979-1997)

Northwest Territories. Department of Natural and Cultural Affairs fonds

  • 300
  • Fonds
  • 1950-1980

This fonds consists of 119 photographs in print, negative and slide formats and approximately 8.5 meters of textual material. The photographs depict sites along the Canol Trail, such as chapels, warehouses and repair shops. There are also images that document the construction of the styrofoam igloo in the Prince of Wales Northern Heritage Centre, images of the Nahanni Butte region and photographs of the Museumobile, which was a touring exhibit from the National Museum of Canada. In addition, there is a group picture showing participants of the 1977 Fish and Wildlife Convention held in Yellowknife.

The bulk of the textual material is from the Wildlife Services Division and its predecessors. These files consist of correspondence, reports of regional and community officers, minutes, field project reports, reports recording information on polar bear and musk-ox kills and fish landings. The records relate to a variety of activities such as: hunting, trapping, quota enforcement, animal studies and fisheries.

There are also records generated by the Recreation Division of the department. These records deal with Community Recreation Centres, NWT Youth Services, Northwest Territories Centennial in 1970, Arctic Winter Games and the Northern Games. The remaining textual material was generated by the Prince of Wales Northern Heritage Centre between 1969-1978. There are files containing correspondence, promotional material and material relating to traveling exhibits and story lines.

There are also files of correspondence from the Northwest Territories Historical Advisory Board, Northwest Territories Heritage Council and records pertaining to the Territorial Central Museum.

Finally, this accession also includes approximately 7 cm of reports, guides and brochures, consisting of fishing guides, hunting regulations, reports on caribou and wildlife ordinances. It also includes summaries of archaeological resources and an overview of the Territorial Central Museum layout and use before it was constructed.

Northwest Territories. Department of Natural and Cultural Affairs (1975-1979)

Royal Canadian Mounted Police fonds

  • 283
  • Fonds
  • 1910-1973

This fonds consists of approximately 70 cm of textual material, 3 maps and 209 photographs, produced or accumulated by the Royal Canadian Mounted Police from 1910 to 1973.

Many of the textual records are from the Arctic Red River detachment and date from 1925 to 1954. These include: patrol diaries (1927-1953, 1944-1948 missing); patrol reports (1926-1934); some annual reports (1927-1931); financial records (1926-1943); requisitions (1926-1954, with gaps); shipping invoices (1929-1933); ledgers; fur export tax receipts and returns (1929-1943); hunting and trapping permits and returns (1926-1943); game licenses (1926-1942); trading post permits (1929-1942); radio receiving license receipts and returns (1927-1953); crown timber returns (1926-1943); liquor permits (1929-1939); income tax returns (1929-1942); marriage licenses (1951-1953); vital statistics records (1926-1943); some hunting and trapping records pertaining to the Yukon (1929-1954); administrative records such as instructions of various kinds (192?-1950); correspondence (1926-1953); a file on the administration of estates (1926-1948); and two maps containing hunting and trapping information.

There is also a disc listing from 1969 related to the Inuvik region.

The photographs in this fonds cover a variety of subjects and locations, and were taken between 1910 to 1973. They include photographs of ceremonies and events: such as an RCMP centenary banquet held in Pine Point; an RCMP band tour; the dedication of a plaque on the Henry Larsen Building (RCMP detachment) in Yellowknife; Governor General George Vanier's 1961 tour in the Northwest Territories; and the search for, and burial of the members of the RCMP Dawson Patrol (the Lost Patrol).

Additional subjects depicted are the RCMP detachments and personnel across the north, Hudson's Bay Company buildings and employees, Anglican and Catholic missions, residents of the various communities across the Northwest Territoties and the Flat River Patrol of the South Nahanni.

The map, (National Topographic System Sheet 106 M) of Fort McPherson, is annotated with the location where the Dawson Patrol died in 1911 and the location where Albert Johnson, the Mad Trapper, killed an RCMP constable.

Royal Canadian Mounted Police

Hudson's Bay Company fonds

  • 238
  • Fonds
  • 1925-1940

This fonds consists of approximately 20 cm of textual material and 7 photographs. The textual material is made up of 5 bound Hudson's Bay Company (HBC) journals and one carbon copy of a journal. The journals are from the following HBC posts: King William Land, September 24, 1932 to November 10, 1933; Fort Hearne, August 14, 1930 to March 31, 1933; Fort Hearne, March 7, 1934 to January 5, 1935; Tree River, June 1, 1925 to May 31, 1926; and King William Land, June 1, 1930 to November 29, 1931. The carbon copy journal is for King William Land, and covers the period September 12, 1925 to April 30, 1940, except for the period covered by the above bound journals of that post. The Tree River journal was recorded by A. A. Carroll and Ray Ross. The 7 black and white group photographs are of the participants of a Hudson's Bay Fur Trade Conferences of 1931, 1933 and 1937 held in Winnipeg.

Hudson's Bay Company

Firth family fonds

  • 230
  • Fonds
  • 1901-1902, 1921, 1978-1979

This fonds consists of 23 photographs, 7 cm of textual material and 1 cartoon-sketch of Wally Firth. The textual material includes one Hudson's Bay Company ledger listing financial transactions between 1901-1902 from the post at Fort McPherson, correspondence written by William Firth when he worked for the Hudson's Bay Company, a short biography of John Firth as well as newsletters and letters written by Wally Firth when he was a Member of Parliament. The photographic material consists of 26 photographic prints, predominantly copies made from cellulose nitrate negatives.

Firth (family)

Richard Finnie fonds

  • 229
  • Fonds
  • 1928-1977

This fonds consists of 543 photographs, 8 audio reels, 4 DAT audiocassettes, 7 16 mm films, 8 videocassettes and 2 cm of textual material. The photographic material consists of 543 prints and negatives. Included among the photographs are black and white images taken by Richard Finnie between 1939 and 1946. Some of these images were mounted into photograph albums and feature people and scenes of Yellowknife, Fort Rae, Aklavik, Fort Norman, Norman Wells, Fort Smith and the Canol Project. This fonds also includes images taken in 1931 of people at Coronation Gulf, photographs documenting Finnie's travels in the arctic during the 1920s and 1930s that depict aspects of the fur trade, mission work, government activities in the north including treaty payments, medical treatments, transportation, communication and the life of the Copper Inuit. In addition, there are images taken by Richard Finnie during a trip to Fort Rae at treaty time in 1974. Some of these photographs were included in an article that Finnie wrote for "The Beaver", Summer 1975, entitled "Treaty Time at Fort Rae". The fonds also includes a photograph album containing 142 colour prints entitled "Canol: The Authors Photographic Post Mortem" which was compiled by Finnie from photos of his 1977 tour of the remains of the Canol project.

The sound recordings consists of 8 audio reels (original masters) and 4 DAT audio cassettes (archival masters) containing the following: Trevor Lloyd interviewing Henry Larsen and Vilhalmjur Stefansson in 1962; E. M. Weyer interviewing Stefansson in 1955; and the soundtrack from the 1962 National Film Board film "Stefansson the Arctic Prophet." The moving images consist of 7 films created or collected by R.S. Finnie; the films were copied to 8 Umatic format videocassettes. The films are: "In the Shadow of the Pole" (1928); "The Arctic Patrol" (1929); "Among the Igloo Dwellers" (1930-31); "Ikpuck, The Igloo Dweller" (highlights from "Among the Igloo Dwellers"); "Patrol to the Northwest Passage" (1937); "The Dogrib Treaty" (1939); and "Canol" (1946?). The first two films listed cover the Eastern Arctic voyages of the "Beothic" (ship), and the next two focus on the Copper Inuit. "Patrol to the Northwest Passage" depicts the meeting of the "Nascopie" (ship) and "Aklavik" (ship).

The text consists of one file containing a copy of a draft of an unpublished manuscript entitled "Canol - The sub-arctic Pipeline and Refinery Project of Bechtel - Price - Callahan for the Corps of Engineers, U.S. Army 1942-1944."

Finnie, Richard

Buffum family fonds

  • 222
  • Fonds
  • 1897-1907, [1930-1947], 1985

This fonds consists of 271 photographs, 6 audio reels, 3 sound cassettes and 2 cm of textual material. The photographs were taken and collected by the Buffum Family and depict the covers or interior images of personalized Christmas cards from bush pilots and other people who stayed with the Buffum family. The textual material is made up of the diary of Louise Buffum dated from 1939 to 1945. The sound recordings contain an interview conducted by the Territorial Archivist, David Rudkin with Lyn Orchuk in 1985.

Buffum (family)

A.N. Blake fonds

  • 187
  • Fonds
  • 1933-1934

This fonds consists of one ledger of 'Indian Accounts' kept by A.N. Blake. The ledger documents the accounts of native traders in the Fort McPherson area.

Blake, A.N.